percentage of the navy than they were active in 1994. they kept running, and in bigger numbers. >> along the way, a lot more women got out because of the opportunities were denied them, rather than offered to them. >> in the canadian forces, how did integration occur? how quickly did it occur, what lessons to be learned from the way it was implement it? >> in 1997, we could see it coming. the complaints before the tribunal. in 1987, they started a trial that was designed to determine if, when, and how restrictions to the deployment of women might be changed. in hindsight, people look back and say this was a natural part of the progression. put women into the combat arms. look back at what happens, it was very much set up to test the impact of women on combat operational units. an important point is, when we talk about quotas, critical mass, and we talk about goals, the crew trials demanded that a certain proportion of women be in each unit, so they could evaluate their impact.